The move by the US President Donald Trump to ban citizens of 7 Muslim majority countries has created a lot of turmoil both within the US and internationally. Caught in the wake of the ban are international students studying in the US and/or intending to study in the US. While the legal challenges that have ensued have put a temporary hold on the ban taking effect, it is clear that the Trump administration will fight all the way and eventually get its way, probably through another executive order, differently worded.
It is quite apparent that the thought leaders of the Trump administration do not realize that these moves would harm the US itself, more than those it is targeting. Its companies will be denied the best available global talent and will also inject even more venom amongst those whom it seeks to neutralize. The US is an immigrant country and its constitution is clear in the protection it affords all people regardless of color, creed or religious belief. Despite that, the Trump administration is changing the very fundamentals with the discourse they have injected into the body politic. The impact on the rest of the world would be immense and will likely change the way we interact and transact with different countries and cultures.
Grappling with President Trump’s Executive order are also the international students from India. The implications of these intended changes to the immigration and student visa rules that have been in place till now poses uncertainties for Indian students in the US. For one, they may not have the work options after they graduate from the U.S. universities that they have had till now, or the bar may be raised considerably. This will rob them both of gaining work experience and exposure in the world’s leading economy and innovation-leading companies, but also from gaining some return on their education investment, which is considerable. However, for students who are from the upper socioeconomic strata and others who do not consider it important to work in the US post-study completion, the setbacks are considerably less, They will most likely still choose to proceed simply for the great education and the US campus experience.
In addition to that, Indian students looking for scholarship opportunities in the US will find themselves disadvantaged as the US offers by far the highest scholarship opportunities. All in all, students looking for a migration opportunity will find it tough if the ruling is passed. That said, students whose main aim for an overseas education is to use opportunities that are legally available to work after completing their studies or to migrate are already looking at backup options across the world. These include applying to countries that are still open and welcoming to international students, not just to boost the income of their often cash-strapped universities due to cuts in public funding, but also to fill critical skill gaps within their economies and societies.
Thus, students are applying in increasing numbers to alternative destinations such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Germany and other European destinations like France, Italy and Spain. Singapore is also a potential beneficiary, as well as Dubai for the UG segment particularly. Among these countries, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland and Germany permit students 20 hours of part-time work per week and also grant post-study work opportunities. Often, these lead to immigration opportunities when the student meets the legal parameters set by the particular country. Students are now increasingly planning their overseas studies keeping the legal framework in mind, such as language skills, area of study, work experience, age etc.
All points considered and given that at this point it is too early to weigh in on the impact of the US Visa ban, it will be a wise decision on the part of the students to have a fall back option.